Can You Request a Deduction From Your Cleaning Deposit

In addition to paying the first month’s rent and any real estate agency fees, the new tenant must also pay a security deposit. This is then a sum of money serving as insurance for the owner in the event of damage to the property or non-payment of rent. But is it possible to also apply a deduction to the cleaning deposit? This is what we are going to see.

Security deposit What rules apply?

Before seeing if it is possible to request a deduction from your cleaning deposit, it is worth remembering a few rules regarding security deposits.

The amount of the security deposit

The security deposit is paid by the tenant when signing the lease. The objective is then to provide a form of insurance to the owner against all risks of damage or non-payment of rent. However, the more the accommodation is equipped, the more the cost of damage is likely to increase. This is why the amount of the deposit is set at 2 months’ rent for a furnished rental (compared to 1 month’s rent for an empty rental).

In principle, the security deposit is returned at the end of the lease contract. But it also happens that this sum is kept (in part or in full) by the owner. This is called bail retention. Find out in which cases the owner can require it.

Detention on bail

The owner has the possibility of applying a withholding on the deposit in several scenarios.

The damage

As a reminder, the tenant is obliged to maintain the accommodation he occupies. In the event of damage or poor maintenance, it therefore seems logical that he must pay the costs. He can carry out repairs or replace equipment during the lease. Failing this, he will be liable for the costs incurred by the owner to restore the property at the end of the rental contract. And this manifests itself in a withholding of bail. Thus, the amount of expenses incurred for the replacement or repair of the property will be deducted from the security deposit initially paid.

Good to know: be careful not to confuse damage linked to poor maintenance by the tenant and obsolescence linked to natural wear and tear of the furniture. The deposit withholding is only applicable in the event of damage caused by the tenant.

Payment of rent

If the security deposit is mainly intended to protect against damage, it also allows the owner to limit the loss of income linked to a lack of payment of rent. In the event of non-payment, the owner-landlord will then be able to keep one or two months’ rent to compensate for financial losses.

Provisions for charges

This type of withholding guarantee concerns exclusively landlord owners who have opted for payment of rental charges in reality. In this case, there must be regularization every year. But if the tenant leaves after the deadline, the owner has the possibility of deducting 20% ​​of the charges from the security deposit.

When closing the accounts for the co-ownership, the lessor must send the regularization to the tenant. If there is an overpayment of the fees paid, he will have to reimburse the difference. Conversely, he may request reimbursement from the tenant.

After seeing these different hypotheses, what about the withholding on the cleaning deposit?

Withholding deposit for cleaning: Is it possible?

At the end of the rental lease, the tenant is supposed to return the accommodation to the owner in the same condition as he found it when he entered the premises. This therefore implies an absence of damage to furniture, floors, and ceilings. But also clean accommodation.

If the owner has to incur additional costs for cleaning (household cleaning products, use of a cleaning company, etc.), he is entitled to pass the amount on to the security deposit. In this case, he can request the withholding of the deposit for cleaning.

How to apply the withholding on the cleaning deposit?

To apply a deduction from the cleaning deposit, it is necessary to compare the condition of the accommodation when the tenant arrives with the condition of the accommodation when he leaves. It is precisely for this reason that both parties have every interest in signing an entry and exit inventory. To limit conflicts, we also advise you to take photos of the accommodation and movable property upon entry and exit. This will then allow you to rely on objective elements justifying a possible deduction from the security deposit.

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